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Beluga Caviar

Origin of Beluga Caviar

Beluga sturgeon was originally found in the Adriatic sea, Black sea, Caspian sea, sea of Azov and its rivers. The beluga sturgeon is extinct in the Adriatic sea and the sea of Azov and there is currently no natural reproduction found since the 1980s. The Black sea's sturgeon harvest has declined to levels where its contributions to the market have been dismal and declining. The Caspian sea is the world's largest lake, it has over one hundred rivers flowing into its 143,000 square miles of mildly salty waters. The beluga sturgeon has been fished in the Caspian sea since the mid 1800 and once produced 90 percent of the world's harvest. However, exports of Caspian sea sturgeon caviar have been greatly reduced in past three decades due to overfishing, poachers and environmental impact such as pollution.


Beluga Considered The Best Caviar of All

The Beluga sturgeon is a very slow aging fish which can take up to 20 year to mature and a life span past 100 years. Adding to the challenge of its slow growth, its near extinction in the wild is also a major contributor to the scarcity of the beluga caviar. The older the beluga sturgeon, the lighter the caviar will be in its appearance. Therefore, the most premium costly caviar is harvested from older beluga sturgeons. High grade caviar is not only based on color, but the size of the eggs also. The larger the eggs, the higher the grade. The beluga sturgeon caviar is known to produce larger size eggs or berries, and does not taste fishy as lower grade caviars tend to do so.


Who Started To Make The Beluga Caviar For The First Time

The Beluga sturgeon is a prehistoric fish which has been consumed through the majority of human history in the Middle Eastern and Eastern European regions. The first written record of caviar ever found goes back to 1240s in the journals of Ghengis Khan's grandson, named Batu Khan. Since, Persians have consumed caviar for medicinal purposes and various cures. France enjoyed caviar as early as 1553. Still, caviar's historical beginning is mostly is disputed which includes ancient Greeks, Romans and Egyptians. While Persians were first in adding salt to caviar, Russian introduced the delicacy to the world.


Beluga's Luxury Reputation

Caviar is a highly perishable food and therefore was not initially available to the world export market. Although Persians first added salt as a preservative, viable transport was not available until traders were able to keep caviar in cool temperatures. Once transportation was possible, the French begun importing caviar from the Russians in the late 1800s.